Differences between sex and gender often did not make this apparent, and did not consider the diverse ways that these may be interconnected.
The strong point of the Marxist approach is that it provided a material explanation for the emergence and maintenance of a system of patriarchy. Emerging from the last issue is a set of issues concerning the neglect of reproductive labour in the Marxian model.
Eisenstein, p. Therefore, the sexual division of labor in both the public and private spheres needs to be altered in order for women to achieve equality in marriage. While Marxists might consider women oppressed in their relationship with men and in the household, technically speaking they are not exploited and their work has little or nothing to do with production of surplus value.
It is under this system that workers are able to begin realizing their human potential and, according to Engels, the conditions for the creation of equality between males and females. To the extent that the division of labour forms the basis for morality and organic solidarity in modern society, it is primarily the activity of men that create this solidarity.
If this is the case, then it is difficult to argue that there is not some biological aspect to this power differential.
One general line of criticism of feminists is that women are absent from the social analyses and social world of sociology. While it has been women and men, through their social actions and interaction that have changed social relationships, feminist writers and theorists have contributed to these social changes and to the development of attitudes and views more supportive of equality.
A short summary of a few of the problem areas in earlier sociological perspectives is presented here. Middle class women may be well off, but often lack property or labour force experience, and if divorced, could find themselves in poverty.
Women are a sexual class because what they do as women — the activities they are responsible for in society, the labor that they perform — is essential and necessary to the operation of society as it presently exists.
Since the primary attachment of these women was to the home and family, not paid labour, these women did not need to be paid as much as men.